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2.1.6 Islam

2.1.6.1 Outline

Yahweh created Islam inspiring Muhammad (Arabic: دمحم) in Mecca through Gabriel. Muhammad didn't call Yahweh by name, but called "Allah" out of respect for Yahweh.

Muhammad was born in 570 CE in Mecca. He became a merchant. One day in 610 CE, he meditated praying in a cave near Mecca and encountered the angel Gabriel. Muhammad was told some stories and teachings by Gabriel. Muhammad started spreading the teachings in Mecca. However, Muhammad and his believers were quite persecuted in Mecca, they moved to Yathrib (Medina) in 622 CE. His teachings were quite accepted in Yathrib and he formed the religious community. Muhammad was instructed by God in February 624 CE that they should face Mecca during prayers. Muhammad's warriors conquered Mecca in 630 CE and the Arabian Peninsula in 632 CE. Muhammad died in Yathrib in 632 CE. However, Muslim Empires that succeeded Muhammad continued their expansion after that.

Muhammad Receiving the First Revelation from the Angel Gabriel by Unknown Author
*Attribution: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mohammed_receiving_revelation_from_the_angel_Gabriel.jpg



* "Muhammad in Wikipedia" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad

* "Islam in Wikipedia" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam

2.1.6.2 Details

2.1.6.2.1 Annex of Judaism and Christianity

In contrast to historical friction between Islam and Christianity, Muhammad and the Quran approve of the Old Testament and the New Testament willingly and positively.
Islam is, in a sense, an annex of Judaism and Christianity
*"Allah -there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of existence. He has sent down upon you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming what was before it. And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel" (Quran 3:2-3, Sahih International).

* "Corpus Various English Translations of Quran" http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp
* "Corpus Quran Word by Word" http://corpus.quran.com/wordbyword.jsp
* "Quran.com" http://quran.com/1

The Quran refers to over 50 people (prophets and legitimate persons) in the Bible, such as Adam, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Esau, Jacob, Moses, and Jesus (Isa).
* "List of People in both the Bible and the Quran in Wikipedia" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Common_Qur%27anic_and_Biblical_Figures
* "Biblical Narratives in the Quran in Wikipedia" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_narratives_and_the_Quran#Moses_.28M.C5.ABs.C4.81_.D9.85.D9.88.D8.B3.D9.89.29
Quran, sura 3 Al-I-Imran, ayat 33 (3:33) refers to Adam and Abraham.
* http://www.quraninenglish.com/cgi-local/pages.pl?/quran&img=205
Quran 6:83-86 refers to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Noah, Moses, Yasa (Elisha).
Quran sometimes refers to Jesus (Isa). For instance, Quran, sura 19 Maryam (Mary), ayat 30-33 (19:30-33) refers to the first prophecy by Jesus (Isa) spoken in a cradle in his infancy.
* Quran 19:30- http://www.quraninenglish.com/cgi-local/pages.pl?/quran&img=1122
* "Jesus in Islam in Wikipedia" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus_in_Islam
Thus "Yahweh" was written as "Allah" in the Quran, as "Yahweh" was mostly written as "Lord" in the Bible.

2.1.6.2.2 Beliefs of Islam

2.1.6.2.2.1 Overview

Beliefs of Islam consist of the six articles and the five pillars.

2.1.6.2.2.2 The Six Articles

The six articles are:

(1) One God
Believers (Muslims) should believe in One God and monotheism

(2) Angels
Muslims should believe in the angels.

(3) Revelations
Muslims should believe in the Islamic holy books. The Islamic holy books consist of the Quran, Torah, the Book of Psalms, Gospels, and other supposedly lost books such as Scrolls of Abraham.
* "Islamic Holy Books in Wikipedia" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_holy_books
The Quran is the collection of Yahweh's statement which was given to Muhammad through Gabriel to be recited.
A proper English translation of the Quran would be Sahin International's "The Noble Quran."
* "The Noble Quran" https://quran.com/
Otherwise, Tanzil Quran Navigator conveniently provides various translations.
* "Tanzil Quran Navigator" http://tanzil.net/#2:1

(4) Prophets
Muslims should believe in the prophets and messengers. The representative prophet is Muhammad. Authorized descriptions about Muhammad (Muhammad' statement, acts, and attitudes) and related persons, except the Quran, are Hadith in a broad sense, while Hadith has multiple meanings.
* "Hadith in Wikipedia" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadith
A proper English translation of Hadith would be "Sunnah.com."
* "Sunnah.com" https://sunnah.com/

(5) Resurrection and Judgement
Muslims should believe in the Last Judgment and Resurrection.

(6) Divine Will
It could be claimed that Muslims should believe in predestination.

The first five would be attributed for example to 4:136, Quran.
"O you who have believed, believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Book that He sent down upon His Messenger and the Scripture which He sent down before. And whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray" (An-Nisa 4:136, Sahin International, Quran).
* "An-Nisa 4: 136" https://quran.com/4/136
On the other hand, validity of Divine Will is controversial.

2.1.6.2.2.3 The 5 Pillars (Acts of Worship)

(1) Shahada: Faith
Muslims should declare faith and trust that professes that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is God's messenger.
(2) Salat : Prayer
Muslims should practice formal worship in Islam.
(3) Zakat : Charity
Muslims who are able to give their charity should do that.
(4) Sawm: Fasting
Muslims should fast from food and drink from dawn to dust during the month of Ramadan.
(5) Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca
Muslims who can afford to do it should make a pilgrimage to Mecca in their lifetime.

These rules would be attributed to the Hadith of Gabriel, which would be narrated by Gabriel.
* "Hadith of Gabriel in Wikipedia" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadith_of_Gabriel
*From the viewpoint of Raelians, Islam requires the highest loyalty to Yahweh since loyalty of humanity on the Earth to Elohim is a matter of the highest importance as mentioned before. From the viewpoint of Raelians, fasting comes from the ideas of "Sensual Meditation" mentioned later.

2.1.6.2.2.4 Other Representative Examples of Islamic Law

(1) Aniconism in Islam
Aniconism in Islam rejects idols. An attribution could be as follows.
*"And [Abraham] said, 'You have only taken, other than Allah, idols as [a bond of] affection among you in worldly life. Then on the Day of Resurrection you will deny one another and curse one another, and your refuge will be the Fire, and you will not have any helpers'" (29:25, Quran).
* "29:25 Quran" https://quran.com/29/25
* "Aniconism in Islam in Wikipedia" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aniconism_in_Islam

(2) Halal Food
Islamic Law requires compliance with some regulations as far as food. An attribution would be as follows.
"Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah, and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows. That is grave disobedience. This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion. But whoever is forced by severe hunger with no inclination to sin -then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful" (5:3, Quran).
* "5:3 Quran" https://quran.com/5/3
* "Halal in Wikipedia" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halal

(3) Women Dress Code
As far as women dress code, Islamic Law requires covering their bodies except face and hands. An attribution would be as follows.
"And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed" (24:31, Quran).
* "24:31 Quran" https://quran.com/24/31
* "Women in Islam in Wikipedia" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Islam

2.1.6.2.3 Learning Arabic Language

2.1.6.2.3.1 Arabic Alphabet

The Arabic language is written from right to left.
The Arabic alphabet is commonly written in cursive letters, in other cases in Unicode block letters.
On the other hand, Arabic cursive letters change the shapes depending on the situation. Generally, there are 4 kinds of forms (isolated form, initial form, middle form, and end form). When a letter is written alone separated from other letters, the shape of the letter should be isolated form. When a letter is written at the right edge of a word (at the initial of a word), the shape of the letter should be initial form. When a letter is written at the left edge of a word (at the end of a word), the shape of the letter should be end form. When a letter is written in the middle area of a word (neither initial nor end), the shape of the letter should be middle form.
Thus the Arabic alphabet has various forms, while a simple gateway to learn the Arabic alphabet could be learning following Unicode block isolated form. The following are Arabic block isolated forms, the names of the letters, examples of "transliteration" and pronunciation.
1. ا=alif="a" long vowel like in apple
2. ب=baa="b" like in baby
3. ت=taa="t" like in tree
4. ث=tha="th" like in thanks
5. ج=jiim="j" like in John
6. ح=Haa="H" like in he yet light in pronunciation
7. خ=kha="kh" like in Bach
8. د=daal="d" like in dad
9. ذ=thal="dh" like in that
10. ر=raa="r" like in ran
11. ز=zay="z" like in zoo
12. س=siin="s" like in sing
13. ش=shiin="sh" like in shall
14. ص=Saad="S" like in salt
15. ض=Daad="D" like in dark
16. ط=Taa="T" like in table
17. ظ=Zaa="Z" like in those
18. ع=Ayn="'A" like in ago
19. غ=ghayn="gh" like in Ghana
20. ف=faa="f" like in far
21. ق=qaaf="q" like in Queen
22. ك=kaaf="k" like in Kent
23. ل=laam="l" like in love
24. م=miim="m" like in Moon
25. ن=nuun="n" like in nest
26. ه=haa="h" like in hand
27. و=waaw="w" long vowel like in word
28. ي=yaa="y" long vowel like in yet
In addition, other letters such as hamza should be learned.
Afterwards, the other forms and cursive letters should be learned.
* "My Easy Arabic" http://www.myeasyarabic.com/site/arabic_alphabet_learn.htm
* "Arabic Alphabet in Wikipedia" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_alphabet

2.1.6.2.3.2 Introduction to Arabic Language

A proper gateway to learn Arabic could be "Arabic Reading Course.com."
* "Arabic Reading Course" http://arabicreadingcourse.com/






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